The McClintock's are descendants of the ancient people who occupied western Scotland before the beginning of recorded history. They are believed to be descended from the Dalridians, a branch of the Irish Celtic Tribes who established the Kingdom of Dalrida in the highland region of western Scotland. They were the true Scottish Highlanders and were descended from the early Irish Kings, King Colla da Crioch, who was banished from Ireland in 327 AD., along with 350 tribal chieftains to the Scottish Highlands, was the first known Irish King to settle in the Dalridia territory. The inhabitants of Northern Ireland had crossed over the Irish Sea to the northern land throughout history, but had never established a permanent settlement. About the end of the 5th century a wave of Christian Irish Celts from Scotia, as the Romans called Ireland, established the kingdom of Dalrida on the Kintyre Peninsula which reaches down to within 12 miles of Northern Ireland. The site of this ancient kingdom is presently Argyllshire, Scotland. (The shire part of the word is the Scottish equivalent of the English word for county, and is the root word of sheriff.)
The traditional date of the migration of the Gaelic speaking Christian Irish Celts was 498 AD. The leaders of the invasion were the three sons of Erc. (That's how it is spelled in my records). They were Fergus, Loarn and Angus. The kingdom they established was called Dalriada (Riada's portion). It was named for the territory in the northeast corner of Ireland from which they came.
The kindred of Angus occupied Islay and Jura: those of Loarn occupied the district of Loarn (later spelled Lorne) named after its founder. The descendants of Fergus occupied Kintyre. The two sons of Fergus, namely Comgall and Gabran, established the Cowal Knapdale tribes and the Kinelbadon tribe in Malvern. The society was a tribal system and the land was occupied by tribes who established and maintained their own territorial boundaries. Disputes in the ownership of land was settled by combat. The only law was the law of the sword.
When the Irish Scots arrived in Scotland, the Picts, Britons and Angles were already there. The Picts were a sturdy race, of unknown origin with dark hair, gray eyes and high cheek bones. They were good warriors who were never completely subdued by the Romans who arrived in the British Isles in 80 AD. For the next 65 years all these races battled relentlessly for supremacy of this land.
THE CHRISTIAN RELIGION
The slaughter slowed in 563 when St. Columba and other Irish saints began to Christianize the pagan Picts. From his base on the Island of Iona, Columba and his monks converted the Picts, Angles and other tribes to Christianity. Columba was buried on Iona but in 849 his remains were moved to Kells in Ireland because of attacks by Norse raiders. The Church of Scotland restored the monastery between 1899 and 1905. Iona is the burial place of 48 Scottish Kings, 4 Irish Kings and 8 Norwegian Kings. In 843 AD. 180 years after St. Columba established his monastery on the Island of Iona, Kenneth MacAlpin, who was half Scot and half Pict (his mother was a Pict), became king of the merged kingdom of the Scots and the Picts. He was the first king of Alba, the Gaelic word for present day Scotland. The Gaelic language is still spoken today in the Scottish Highland and in the Islands and in other parts of Ireland. This kingdom continued under the tribal system. The families in this so-called old 'Irish Tribal System' traced their descent from a common ancestor. There were more than 100 Irish Tribes in Ireland and the Scottish Highlands at the beginning of the 12 century. Each tribe was led by a tribal chieftain whose title was passed down to the oldest son in each succeeding generation. After these Irish tribes conquered the kingdom of the Picts, who ruled Scotland, they divided Scotland into 7 provinces, each of them being ruled by its own king. These sub kings were all ruled by Kenneth MacAlpin, the High king of Scotland or Alba.