McClintock / McClintic Prologue VIII

Migration to Virginia

McClintic Saga
 

The dees for land transferred in the year 1774 in Botetourt County, Virginia, show that William McClintock purchased 170 acres on the east side of the Jackson River in Warm Springs Valley. This property was part of the original land grant to WILLIAM JACKSON in 1750 from King George II of Great Britian. The deed shows that Andrew Bourland, Jackson's son-in-law was the owner of the land. he sold it to WILLIAM MCCLINTOCK (the name is spelled this way in the deed) for 154 pounds of the current money of Virginia. The deed is dated February 8, 1774 and signed by Andres Bourland. WILLIAM MCCLINTOCK was in possession of the land at the time the deed was made. A one year lease agreement for the rent is one peppercorn, which was mentioned in the deed. This would place WILLIAM MCCLINTOCK in Virginia in 1773. the only signature on the deed is of the grantor Andrew Bourland.

In the late 1700's this part of Virginia was a primitative land. Indian tribes made raids on the settlers in an attempt to drive them from the territory. This was the American frontier of westward expansion in the new world. The only reason WILLIAM MCCLINTOCK and his family would have for leaving a more civilized part of the world like eastern Pennsylvania and moving to the Virginia frontier to fight Indians and endure other unknown hardships must have been the search for a better life. Land in Pennsylvania at this time was becoming scarce. The population was expanding at a rapid rate and land prices were high as the demand went up and the supply went down. The MCCLINTOCK family had probably been farmers for many generations in Scotland and Ireland. Farming was the principle industry in America during the Colonial period. Farmers were always searching for more land. William MCCLINTOCK and his sons acquired many acres of land along the Jackson River during their lifetime. His son Robert acquired a farm 3 to 4 miles south of his father's farm on the east side of the Jackson River in 1786 from Robert Armstrong. Robert later sold this farm in 1800 to his sister-in-law ALICE MANN MCCLINTIC, the widow of his brother, WILLIAM MCCLINTIC II. Alice later married William Hunter Cavendish, a lawyer of Greenbrier County in 1808. W.H. Cavendish died in 1818 and Alice left the farm to her son, WILLIAM MCCLINTIC III, in her will. Son Moses had died 6 years earlier. Greenbrier County became part of the State of West Virginia in 1763.

WILLIAM MCCLINTIC I's oldest son, JOSEPH, moved west to Greenbrier County shortly after the family migrated from Pennsylvania. he settled there in 1774. He would have been 22 years old then. he stated he was at the Battle of Point Pleasant which took place in 1774 and was drafted for the Kentucky Expedition of 1782 but hired a substitute to go in his stead. Joseph owned 160 acres in 1787 and another 250 in 1793. He may hve moved west to take advantage of the homestead act, which allowed settlers to claim land by the "Tomahawk Title" or "Corn Rights". This system gave the settler the land he had marked by blazing trees on its boundaries or the land upon which he had grown one crop of corn.

The descendants of WILLIAM I who remained in the Jackson River Valley, had acquired thousands of acres of real estate by the 1840's. F. Alexander, son of WILLIAM I, owned 525 acres, William III, the grandson of William I owned 2,220 acres. His brother Moses, the other grandson of WILLIAM I, owned 2,103 acres. Their mother, Alice Mann McClintic Cavendish owned 1,120 acres. WILLIAM III acquired one half of the original farm when he was 18 years old from his grandfather at his death in 1801. F. Alexander McClintic, the son of William I and uncle of William III inherited the other half of the property. In 1811 William III bought the other half of the farm from his uncle F. Alexander McClintic. Most of these McClintic land holdings have been sold as the sons and daughters of William the First's descendants have left the Jackson River Valley due to economic conditions and the appeal for land grants in the western United States that were opened to settlers by the Homestead Act of 1862. We all know that this land is mostly under water now due to the Gathright Dam completed in 1981. McClintic Point was named in memory of this great Pioneer family.


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